On the Firing Line
"All over this broad land of ours, a bitter war is being fought against tuberculosis. Able warriors, armed with modern weapons around the firing line. How goes the battle?" Showing the efforts being made by The National Tuberculosis Association, including their offices, sanitoriums, hospitals and on-the-road trailer clinics. An animation sequence with the years 1910, 1920, & 1935 uses urns to represent the number of deaths from tuberculosis. There are illustrations of crowds of people, labeled "white", and a pointer stick outlines the argument. Another animation sequence contrasts the death rate among Negroes and whites. A third animation sequence outlines the deaths from T.B. among industrial workers -- most deaths occurring from unskilled laborers. It emphasizes that tuberculosis is a national problem because, "no home is safe until every home is safe".
"There's another sore spot on the optimistic picture. Certain racial groups such as Negroes, Mexicans, and Indians suffer heavy losses from tuberculosis. The death rate among Negroes is three times as high as among Whites. Not only in the Southland, but also in the northern industrial centers. Poverty, bad housing and the depressed scale of living seem to be largely responsible."
details the progress in the fight against
way of a railroad trip. The journey begins in Washington, DC when the
Tuberculosis Association was founded, and continues through New York City
the NTA has its headquaters), into the Adirondack mountains (birthplace of
Edward Livingston Trudeau, the man who introduced the modern method of
TB in America) and to California, where many victims and their families
relocated on the presumption that the warm climate might cure them.
Posing interesting and still relevant statistics linking poverty to the
as well as surprising breakdowns on the racial demographics of Tuberculosis
victims, THE FIRING LINE also includes fascinating footage of early
(treatment centers) and mobile health clinics.
Ken Smith sez: Snooty Vaughan Glaser takes us on a "travel-tour" around the U.S. to see the NTA in action. "No home is safe until EVERY home is safe."
The White House
The Census Bureau
a machine sorting cards
Empire state building, New York
The headquarters of the National Tuberculosis association -- a busy office
animation sequence of the T.B. symbol radiating outwards from New York across a map of the United States
Young women rocking happily as they stuff envelopes
T.B. pamphlets and posters
Man standing at a radio microphone, reading
Trudeau's sanitorium, established in 1884 in snowy weather, Saranac Lake, New York
A tuberculosis hospital, patients lined up
Cooks in an industrial clinic
A lung operation
People typing furiously at a table.
Children eating at a long table with nurses nearby
Doctor tapping on the back of a patient, listens with a stethoscope
A steam ferry going up a stream
Chopping sugar cane in the fields
An auto trailer for T.B. examination -- the inside of the trailer clinic
A large midwestern university
X-ray machines, examination of x-rays of lungs
T.B. cultures in lab
football players, eager students
Southwestern terrain, wandering T.B. family
Good Footage: Rockwell Kent painting; an industrial kitchen; lots of streamlined passenger trains; people typing busily; a car pulling a "diagnostic auto-trailer"; chest x-raying in action; footage of poverty-stricken, rag-wearing blacks in poor neighborhoods; Okies in a car that breaks down.
Scenes of tuberculosis patients in sanatoriums.
painting art rockwell kent hospital bed train railroads travel typing trailer x-rays Depression Okies black African Americans poverty disease tuberculosis sick Streamlining Sanatoria Jalopies Migration 1930s Thirties Southwest Health and safety Sanitoriums Sanitariums
Subject: Tabulating machines
Subject: Wavery Hills 1936
Subject: All Aboard the TB Train!